Windows 11 vs Linux

Linux is one of the top operating systems. It is a free OS inspired by the Unix operating system. Windows 11 is the latest offering from Microsoft Corporation. Unlike Linux, which is free, Windows OS license costs around 200 dollars. Each new version of Windows is derived from its older version.

Is Linux better than Windows OS or vice versa? Which OS is better and easier to use? Below, we compared the two operating systems. Find out which OS is better among the two.

Linux vs Windows 11

Subtypes

The Windows 11 OS doesn’t have any subtype, but it enables users to activate the S Mode. S mode ensures better security and good performance. Linux distros can be of these two types – stable or rolling release. A rolling release Linux distro is the one that gets Linux kernel and package updates often. A stable distro is the one that gets security-related updates only. Major updates are rolled out once in a year/quarter/6 months.

Desktop environments

Linux gives you the freedom to install any or all desktop environments of your choice. You can install XFCE, Gnome, KDE, LXDE, etc on Linux OS by simply typing one command e.g. dnf install package_name or pacman -S package_name or apt-get install package_name or dnf check-update or pacman -Syu, etc. The package manager utility may be different for each OS. The two distros may share the same package manager if the Linux distro is based on another Linux distro. For example, Ubuntu and Debian support the aptitude aka apt package manager.

The looks and feel of the desktop change from one desktop environment to another. The LXDE, XFCE desktop environments look like the stripped version of KDE. KDE is a QT-based desktop environment. It is one of the top 2 desktop environments. If you use it, you’ll sometimes get a feeling that you’re using Windows XP or 7 operating system. The desktop environments come with their own utility applications.

Windows 11 doesn’t allow you to change a desktop environment, but it comes with multiple color themes. It also lets you install and use a desktop customizer of your choice. The OS by Microsoft ships with a theme builder tool that enables you to build a new variant of an existing theme by changing wallpapers, colors, etc.

Security

Windows 11 operating system has a firewall system built-in. It also protects a PC from ransomware attacks and features a built-in security software called “Windows Defender”. Linux operating systems have a firewall called IP tables. They may also ship with a firewall called Firewalld. They don’t come pre-installed with security software such as Windows Defender. Do you need antivirus on Linux? Today’s browsers can detect malicious sites and display a warning when you download any malicious file or open a harmful website. And to change the folder permission, you may require a root password. If you don’t use the distro as a root user, and you don’t download files from unknown sources, you don’t have to worry about your privacy or security while using Linux. IPTables is not easy to configure. Firewalld is easier compared to IPTables. It adds rules to IPTables in the background.

Updates

Windows 11 operating system gets security updates almost every day. The security updates are pretty small compared to Cumulative updates, which can be a few hundred megabytes large. The size of the Windows Cumulative updates can be more than 1 GB. The Windows updater service will only check for Windows OS updates. It won’t update other apps. In the Linux operating system, the command you use to update the operating system will find and update the Linux kernel, applications, and tools that come with the Linux OS.

Gaming

Although most Linux operating systems support Steam, you may not enjoy playing games on Linux unless you find and install graphics driver software. AMD and Nvidia have launched driver software for Linux and Windows OS, but they are not actively maintaining the software. The companies roll out driver updates only for the Windows OS. Windows 11 operating system ships with gamer’s exclusive feature. In Windows 11, you can capture the screen while playing a game and activate the game mode. The OS lets users enable the variable refresh rate feature and turn on the Xbox game bar.

Software

Some Linux distros, for example, Arch, Debian, OpenSUSE, come with App Store software where you’ll find 1000s of apps. Some distros have an app store for third-party apps, i.e. applications ported from Windows to Linux by some developers. Arch Linux, for example, has a third-party app repository called Aur Repository.

Android apps

Until Windows 10, you could have run mobile applications on Linux or Windows OS with the help of a software called Emulator. The Windows 11 operating system will soon let you install Android apps on your PC and use them. Linux doesn’t directly support Android applications yet.

What are some of the top Linux OS?

I have used 8 Linux operating systems from 2009 to 2022. Here’s the list of my favorite Linux distros:

Fedora: Backed by RedHat Inc, Fedora is a great Linux OS that uses Gnome desktop environment by default. It is one of the few Linux distros powered by Gnome.

Arch: Arch is a rolling release Linux distro. It isn’t easy to install. If you install it, you’ll feel proud of yourself.

Debian: One of the oldest Linux Distros right now is Debian. Debian was initially released in 1993. Its software repository has over 30000 packages.

openSUSE: Users can download these two variants of openSUSE – Tumbleweed and Leap. Leap is a stable version of OpenSUSE. Tumbleweed is a rolling release distro.

Is Linux hard to learn?

No, Linux can be used by regular users and experts. Experts will run Linux commands, log in to the remote machine via SSH, etc. Regular users will simply browse the internet, play games, etc. The modern Linux distros have many utilities built in. Thus, regular users who use a stable Linux distro won’t have to run commands to update the OS, compress files, move files, etc.

Reasons to use Linux OS

Free: Linux operating system is free. The only paid Linux distros you’ll find on the internet are the ones designed for servers e.g. CloudLinux, RedHat Linux, etc. If you’re bored to death with Windows OS and would like to try other operating systems, you should try Linux.

Great for low-end systems: Linux operating systems with KDE, XFCE, LXDE desktop environments work great on computers having just 1 to 2GB RAM or a Pentium, Celeron processor.

Good for gaming: Modern games require a vast amount of RAM. If the OS and its process consume half of the RAM and the game requires about 60% free RAM, the game may lag. As 90% of the Linux desktop environment and its processes consume 20 to 30% of RAM, Linux is an excellent OS for gaming.

Reaons to use Windows OS

Good experience: If your PC has powerful hardware, you will never regret using the Windows operating system. There’s no point in using Linux OS if your computer has good hardware. If you use Linux as a powerful machine, your computer resources will remain unused most of the time.

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